Reflective discussion is a special kind of discussion that can be used strategically in the classroom to build community, expand the capacity for listening, and cultivate individual reflection. To lead a reflective discussion, the instructor steps back and moderates with a light touch, mainly to ensure that all participants have a chance to share their thoughts and to keep the discussion focused on an established “object” of inquiry.
A reflective discussion opens space for students to work through the intellectual and emotional implications of the content that they are studying, without the pressure for everyone in the room to arrive at the same destination. Reflection (with listening) can be especially productive when students are confronting difficult issues. As Charity Johansson and Peter Felten have explained in Transforming Students: Fulfilling the Promise of Higher Education, “reflective analysis—employing critical thinking, dialogue, and intuitive discernment to examine their assumptions—opens the learner to other possible ways of seeing the world around them and their place in it” (14).
Because reflective discussion emphasizes both listening to others’ perspectives and listening to one’s self, it can play an important role in supporting the cognitive and emotional development that can make learning a transformational process.
- Reflective Discussion: Why, Who, When, and How (for facilitators) (shareable PDF)
- General Principles for Participating in Reflective Discussion (1-page, shareable PDF)
- Annotated Resource Guide on Reflective Discussion and Transformative Education (shareable PDF)
- The Center for Civic Reflection on Reflective Discussion